The report shows that the year 2020 was a critical moment in the evolution of the Islamic State and al-Qaeda, writes Europol.
Both these jihadist terrorist groups faced major blows, and had to adapt to shifting realities to survive and stay relevant. The risk of online jihadist propaganda being translated into offline violence remains high, as propaganda from both groups continues to call for lone actor attacks by individuals who have no physical connections to either group.
Europol’s EU IRU detects and investigates malicious content on the internet and in social media. The work of the EU IRU, which is based at Europol’s European Counter Terrorism Centre (ECTC), not only produces strategic insights into jihadist terrorism, but also provides information for use in criminal investigations. The EU IRU comprises of a team of over 40 experts with diverse knowledge and skills, ranging from experts in religiously inspired terrorism, information and communications technology developers and law enforcement officers specialised in counter terrorism.
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