Die iranischen Behörden haben seit Anfang des Jahres mindestens einen Ahwazi-Araber, 14 Kurden und 13 Belutschen nach grob unfairen Gerichtsverfahren hingerichtet, wie Amnesty International berichtet.
Außerdem wurden seit Dezember 2022 mindestens 6 Ahwazi-Araber und 6 Belutschen zum Tode verurteilt. Dies stellt eine beängstigende Eskalation bei der Anwendung der Todesstrafe als Repressionsinstrument gegen ethnische Minderheiten dar.Dieter Karg, Iran-Experte bei Amnesty International in Deutschland, sagt: "Die schiere Anzahl der Hinrichtungen sei erschütternd.
Die Hinrichtungen folgen auf äußerst unfaire Verfahren, in denen systematisch durch Folter erpresste `Geständnisse` verwendet werden, um Angeklagte zu verurteilen. Wir fordern die iranische Regierung auf, ein offizielles Moratorium gegen Hinrichtungen einzuführen, ungerechte Verurteilungen und Todesurteile aufzuheben und alle Anklagen im Zusammenhang mit der friedlichen Teilnahme an den aktuellen Protesten in Iran fallen zu lassen.
Auch die Bundesregierung muss jetzt handeln und viel stärker als bisher Druck auf die iranischen Behörden ausüben."The Iranian authorities have executed at least one Ahwazi Arab, 14 Kurds and 13 Baluchis following grossly unfair trials, and sentenced at least a dozen others to death since the start of the year, marking a chilling escalation in the use of the death penalty as a tool of repression against ethnic minorities, Amnesty International and Abdorrahman Boroumand Center said today. "The Iranian authorities are carrying out executions on a frightening scale.
Their actions amount to an assault on the right to life and a shameless attempt not only to further oppress ethnic minorities but to spread fear that dissent will be met with brute force, either in the streets or in the gallows," said Roya Boroumand, Executive Director of Abdorrahman Boroumand Center, an Iranian human rights organization.In late February, Iranian officials executed an Ahwazi Arab man and a Kurdish man in secret following grossly unfair trials. The authorities have also sentenced to death at least another six Ahwazi Arabs and six Baluchis in recent weeks, some of whom were convicted in relation to protests that have engulfed Iran since September 2022.On 20 February, Hassan Abyat, an Ahwazi Arab man, was executed in Sepidar prison in Khuzestan province, while Arash (Sarkawt) Ahmadi, a Kurdish man, was executed on 22 February in Dizel Abad prison in Kermanshah province.
Informed sources told Amnesty International that, following their arrests, interrogators subjected both men to torture and other ill-treatment, forcing them to "confess". Their forced "confessions" were broadcast on state media in violation of the right to presumption of innocence and in an attempt by the authorities to vilify them and justify their executions.
They were also denied access to legal representation and were executed in secret, with no final visit or notice given to their families.Hassan Abyat was sentenced to death twice – once by a Revolutionary Court for "enmity against God" (moharebeh) and once by a Criminal Court for murder (ghesas) – in relation to the death of an agent from the paramilitary Basij force in 2011 and alleged membership of an "opposition group". Hassan Abyat had denied any involvement in the agent’s death.
After subjecting him to enforced disappearance, interrogators tied Hassan Abyat to a special bed made for torture, beat him with cables and administered electric shocks to his testicles, according to a witness who also told Amnesty International that scars remained on Hassan Abyat’s body from the torture. The court convicted him without investigating his torture allegations.Arash (Sarkawt) Ahmadi, who was arrested in January 2021, was sentenced to death for "enmity against God" (moharebeh) in connection with his previous membership in a banned Iranian-Kurdish opposition group and the death of a member of the security forces.
According to Kurdish human rights activists, Revolutionary Guards interrogators forced him to give "confessions" under torture and other ill-treatment.Amnesty International opposes the death penalty in all cases without exception. The death penalty is a violation of the right to life and is the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment.Between December 2022 and January 2023, at least six young men from the Baluchi minority were sentenced to death in separate trials in relation to protests that took place in Sistan and Baluchestan province in September 2022. Shoeib Mirbaluchzehi Rigi, Kambiz Khorout, Ebrahim Narouie, Mansour Hout, Nezamoddin Hout, and Mansour Dahmaredeh, who has a physical disability, were sentenced to death on charges of "spreading corruption on earth" (efsad-e fel arz) and/or "enmity against God" (moharebeh) for arson and stone-throwing.
International law prohibits the use of the death penalty for offences that do not meet the threshold of "most serious crimes" involving intentional killing.According to sources with knowledge of the matter, interrogators subjected the men to torture and other ill-treatment, including sexual violence, to force them to make "confessions". They stuck needles into Ebrahim Narouie’s genitals and beat Mansour Dahmardeh so severely that they broke his teeth and nose."It is harrowing that executions routinely occur amid the systematic use of torture-tainted 'confessions’ to convict defendants in grossly unfair trials.
The world must act now to pressure the Iranian authorities to establish an official moratorium on executions, quash unfair convictions and death sentences, and drop all charges related to the peaceful participation in protests," said Diana Eltahawy, Amnesty International’s Deputy Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa.An den Protesten im Iran seien viele Sportler*innen beteiligt. Andere nutzen ihre Prominenz, um sich zu solidarisieren.
Doch die Regierung schlägt zurück.Seit 2019 waren die beiden Frauenrechtsverteidigerinnen in Haft. Amnesty hatte sich für sie eingesetzt.Amnesty International Deutschland e.
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alle Iran: 94 2023 hingerichtet ethnische Minderheiten